Portal:Society

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Introduction

A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent of members. In the social sciences, a larger society often exhibits stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups.

Insofar as it is collaborative, a society can enable its members to benefit in ways that would not otherwise be possible on an individual basis; both individual and social (common) benefits can thus be distinguished, or in many cases found to overlap. A society can also consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values within a dominant, larger society. This is sometimes referred to as a subculture, a term used extensively within criminology.

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In the news

15 March 2019 – United States and the International Criminal Court, United States war crimes, War crimes in Afghanistan
United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo bars the entry of International Criminal Court investigators into the United States as part of the ICC's investigation into possible war crimes committed by the United States military in Afghanistan. (Associated Press)
15 March 2019 – 2019 Algerian protests
The 2019 Algerian protests, the largest protests since the Algerian Civil War, have led the government to cancel the Presidential elections, to replace the Prime Minister, and to promise Abdelaziz Bouteflika would not run for re-election. (The Washington Post)
13 March 2019 – Syrian Civil War
The SOHR reports that Syrian government shelling and Russian air strikes occur in several areas in Idlib province, in the first such raids since a September truce deal, killing at least 15 civilians including eight children and wounding around 60. (TRT World) (Aljazeera)
13 March 2019 – Assassination of Marielle Franco
Two former military police officers are arrested in Brazil for the murders of Marielle Franco and her driver Anderson Gomes. One of the suspects was arrested at home, in a Rio de Janeiro gated community where President Jair Bolsonaro also resides. Franco was born in a Rio favela and became a politician and activist against violence in the slums, which are often controlled by paramilitary groups. Her assassination prompted widespread protests. (The Guardian)
13 March 2019 – Trials of Paul Manafort
Former Trump campaign manager Paul Manafort is sentenced to 3½ years for money-laundering and obstruction of justice. (The New York Times)
11 March 2019 – Crisis in Venezuela
Partially-recognized Venezuelan Acting President Juan Guaidó says the country has "truly collapsed already", while accusing the Nicolás Maduro-led government of murdering 17 people during the ongoing nationwide power blackout. (CNN)

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Subtopics

Main articles: Social sciences and Society  See also Science and Scientific method

Social sciences – Anthropology • Archaeology • Cognitive science • Communication studies • Critical theory • Cultural studies • Development studies • Economics (Unsolved problems in economics) • Education • Geography • History • Linguistics  (Unsolved problems in linguistics) • Law • Political science • Psychology • Social policy • Sociology

Society – Ethnic groups • Group • Infrastructure • People

Community – Structure and agency • Socialization • Sense of community • Communitarianism • Social capital • Community development
Social development – Decadence • Social progress • Technological evolution
Sociocultural evolution: Accelerating change → Hunter-gatherer bands → Social rank → Tribes → Social stratification → Chiefdoms → Neolithic Revolution → Civilization → Agrarian society → Pre-industrial society → Agrarian villages → Towns → Cities → City-states → Nation-states → Industrial Revolution → (Modern) Industrial society → (Postmodern) Post-industrial society → Informational Revolution → Information society → Digital Revolution → Globalization → World government? → Space colonization? → Technological singularity?
Social institutions – Organization
Family – Daughter • Extended family • Father • Grandparent • Home • Human bonding • Mother • Nuclear family • Parent • Son
Religion – (see Religion and belief systems above)
Infrastructure
Public infrastructure – Highways • Streets • Roads • Bridges • Mass transit • Airports and Airways • Rail transport • Water supply and Water resources • Wastewater management • Solid-waste treatment and disposal • Electric power
Private infrastructure – Automobiles • Homes • Personal computers • Personal property • Real estate
Economy and Business – Finance • Management • Marketing • Franchising
Education – Academia • Academic misconduct • Homework • Learning • Pedagogy • School • Student • Study skills • Teacher
Civil society 
Government and Politics – Politics by country • International relations • Public affairs
Law – Criminal justice 
Social network – Communication • Journalism • Social capital

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